Central jaw lesions in Tanzania, epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological investigation by Hussein A. Hassan

Cover of: Central jaw lesions in Tanzania, epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological investigation | Hussein A. Hassan

Published by Hammas- ja suukirurgian laitos, Kuopion yliopisto in Kuopio, Finland .

Written in English

Read online

Places:

  • Tanzania.

Subjects:

  • Jaws -- Abnormalities -- Tanzania.,
  • Jaw Neoplasms -- epidemiology -- Tanzania.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementHussein A. Hassan.
SeriesKuopion yliopiston julkaisuja. Lääketiede. Tilastot ja selvitykset,, 5/1988 =, Publications of the University of Kuopio. Medicine. Statistics and reviews, Kuopion korkeakoulun julkaisuja., 1988/5.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsMLCM 92/14261 (R)
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 54 p. :
Number of Pages54
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1787332M
ISBN 10951780492X
LC Control Number89182823
OCLC/WorldCa19554815

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Author(s): Hassan,Hussein A Title(s): Central jaw lesions in Tanzania, epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological investigation/ Hussein A. Hassan. In today’s globally connected world, disease threats can spread faster and more unpredictably than ever before.

CDC’s global health security efforts in Tanzania improve the country’s ability to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease outbreaks before they become epidemics that could affect global populations.

The guideline covers chapters of common diseases in Tanzania. Most chapters start with a title, a brief description of the topic, common clinical signs and symptoms of each disease, the diagnosis and differentials, investigations, treatments and supportive care.

The document. A total of ten cases of central xanthoma of the jaw bones were identified from the Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology biopsy services of the University of Washington and the Tufts University School. Metastatic lesions to the oral region are uncommon and account for approximately 1% of all malignant oral tumors.

In 25% of the cases, oral metastases are found to be the first sign of the. Clinical aspects such pulp sensibility and vitality tests are typically helpful to determine if the periapical alterations are of inflammatory or non-inflammatory origin.

81 In this scenario, a full clinical examination, associated with the clinical and radiographic aspects of the disease, is crucial for the diagnosis of periapical lesions.

Oral Cancer remains a greatly problematic disease with rising distribution globally, particularly the disappointing presentation among younger age groups.

Varying common risk factors exist, including but not limited to premalignant disorders such as human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and immunosuppression. Genetical abnormalities and the field of epigenetics remain a new and vital piece. Record book to be maintained.

13) Basic histo techniques and microscopy: Routine hematological tests and clinical significance of the same. Biopsy procedures for oral lesions. Processing of tissues for Paraffin lesions.

Microtome and principles of microtomy. Routine stains, principles and theories of staining techniques. A systematic approach to clinical history, radiographic evaluation and histopathology is necessary for accurate diagnosis of osteosarcoma-all three are important.

As many bone lesions overlap, an experienced clinician systematically integrates the radiological & histopathological results to plan & offer the best possible management to the patient.

Record book to be maintained. Recording of case history and clinicopathological discussions: Approach Posting to the department of Oral Medicine, Medicine and Radiology and Oral and Maxillofacial surgery for 15 days.

Record book to be maintained. Dermatology Study of selected mucocutenous lesions-etiopathogenesis, pathology clinical. Keywords:Fibro-osseous lesions, Africa, bone dysplasia, fibrous dysplasia, molecular diagnosis, ossifying fibroma. Abstract:Fibro-osseous lesions (FOLs) are a poorly defined but pathologically diverse group of lesions affecting the craniofacial bones and jaw.

They are mostly characterized by the replacement of bone by a benign connective tissue. Neoplasms of the oral maxillofacial area are an interesting entity characterized by differences in nomenclature and classification at different centers.

We report neoplastic histopathological diagnoses seen at the departments of oral maxillofacial surgery of Muhimbili and Mulago referral hospitals in Tanzania and Uganda respectively over a year period.

Moreover, some of these lesions have shown neoplastic alterations or aggressive clinical behavior.[] Therefore, surgically-excluded tissues (biopsies) should be investigated by pathologists for the relevant and appropriate treatments.

Previous studies declared that the odontogenic cysts and tumors have different epidemiological prevalence. A total of 93 cases had histopathological analyses and the periapical cyst was the most frequent lesion.

In the other 47 lesions, the diagnosis was conducted by clinical and radiographic management. Bone lesions were frequent, being noted on first visit in approximately 30% of patients; in 1/3 of the cases, the diagnoses were completed with a.

The most common non-odontogenic jaw lesion was central giant cell granuloma (CGCG). In groups 1, 2 and 3, nasopalatine duct cyst, CGCG, and osteomyelitis were the most frequent lesions, respectively.

The clinical behavior of CGCG ranges from a slowly growing asymptomatic lesion to an aggressive lesion manifesting with pain, local bone destruction, root resorption, or displacement of teeth. The highest rate of occurrence is the mandible, and most mandibular lesions occur anterior to.

P. Boffano, E. Ruga, C. GallesioKeratocystic odontogenic tumour: preliminary retrospective review of epidemiologic, clinical and radiologic features of lesions from university of turin J Oral Maxillofac Surg, 68 (), pp.

The inoculated goats showed typical PPR clinical signs, gross lesions and histopathological changes while control animals (group E) appeared healthy. Two goats from group A died on the 16th and. Background.

Relatively little is known about the incidence of these lesions in the Middle East. This survey demonstrates epidemiological distribution of Oral, Head and Neck (OHN) lesions in the Eastern Province of KSA based on their histopathological features with further consideration to distribution prevalence among genders, age groups, and ethnicity.

Soluk Tekkesin M, Pehlivan S, Olgac V, Aksakalli N, Alatli C () Clinical and histopathological investigation of odontomas: review of the literature and presentation of cases. J Oral Maxillofacial Surg Off J Am Asso Oral Maxillofacial Surg 70(6)– Google Scholar. The present systematic review shows that metastatic jaw lesions mimicking periapical pathoses were the most frequently reported malignant conditions, representing % of the survey.

Metastases are a rare event and account for less than 1% of all metastatic bone lesions [10,11]. Patients in the 5th to 7th decades of life are most affected.

The clinical data such as the age, sex, presenting signs and symptoms, site distribution of lesions, radiological finding as well as the record of other investigation and management were extracted. Odontogenic tumor (OT) comprises a large heterogeneous group of lesions arising from tooth producing tissues or its remnants.

Studies on OTs are scarce in Ethiopia. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the pattern of OTs in Ethiopia. An 8 years retrospective study was conducted at the Dental and Maxillofacial Department, St. Paul’s referral hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Case 2: A year-old girl reported with a retained primary incisor in her lower jaw. The medical and dental histories were unremarkable. Intraoral examination revealed retained mandibular primary left central incisor and clinical absence of its successor.

Nor Tannlægerforen Tid Shear M, Singh S. Age-standardized incidence rates of ameloblastoma and dentigerous cyst on the Witwaters­rand, South Africa. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; Jain S, Kherdekar M. A histopathological study of the odontogenic tumours, jaws cysts and allied lesions of the jaw.

Paraffin sections stained by haematoxylin and eosin were used to examine the histopathological alterations seen in the skin. The lesions varied between 3 and 5 mm, and the majority of the patients (60%) had a single lesion.

Lesions were more frequently seen in. To evaluate concordance of clinical and histological diagnoses, the clinician's provisional diagnosis was compared with the final histopathological diagnosis. RESULTS: A total of 17 specimens were reviewed; of these, (%) were radiolucent jaw lesions, of which inflammatory lesions accounted for % (n = ).

The diagnosis of jaw lesions is established from the different clinical and radiological features though the final diagnosis is based on histopathological examination of the lesion.[2,3] In addition, reports of carcinoma arising from the cystic wall highlight the need for biopsies of these lesions.

Hence, the initial clinical diagnosis must be. Central – Clinical features • Epidemiology unclear as was confused with COD • Wide age range (3rd & 4th decades) • Female predilection, (5: 1) • Whites > blacks • JAW: Mandible (PM, molar) > maxilla, orbit, frontal, ethmoidal.

• Small lesions – asymptomatic and are detected only on radiographic examination. K Gulabivala, Y-L Ng, in Endodontics (Fourth Edition), Periapical osteomyelitis. This is a very rare but serious progression of a periapical infection. Chronic osteomyelitis of the jaws is usually due to mixed anaerobic infection.

The local infection spreads in a diffuse manner through the medullary spaces causing the necrosis of bone or, more specifically, the cells that line the. Histopathological lesions. The most characteristic microscopic lesion was tubercle granuloma with central necrosis and calcification.

The central area is made of necrotic cellular debris, calcium deposits, and connective tissue capsule walled off the granuloma from the surrounding tissue.

Clinical features of the CL cases Seven patients had a CL history. The median duration between CL symptoms and consultation was 30 days (IQR). Overall the cases of CL had lesions altogether, of them % had a single lesion (n=), and seventeen cases presented with more than 5 lesions (range=1 to 13).

Background. Sister Mary Joseph’s nodule is a metastatic tumor deposit in the umbilicus and often represents advanced intra-abdominal malignancy with dismal prognosis [].The term “Sister Mary Joseph’s nodule” was coined by Sir Hamilton Bailey in his book, Physical Signs in Clinical Surgery, in honor of Sister Mary Joseph, Dr.

William Mayo’s surgical assistant in the early days of the. The topical use of capsaicin in the management of pain has been shown to be effective in PHN, whereas topical applications of licorice extract, Madonna lily bulb, and C.

nutans have been used in the treatment of skin lesions associated with HZ; further investigation is required to determine clinical efficacy.

Small case studies using hot-water. 1 INTRODUCTION. Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a rare benign tumour originated from odontogenic ectomesenchyme, 1 characterized by local invasion and tendency to reoccur. 2 It consists in 3 to 20% of all odontogenic tumours, with an incidence of approximately new cases per million people per year.

3, 4 The age range of the patients affected by this tumour normally ranges from 5 to 56 years. From a clinical stand point, the fibro-osseous lesions may vary from the extensive, and cosmetically or functionally disturbing lesions detected only during a routine radiographic examination.

DEFINITION: • Waldron in described fibro osseous lesions as a group of pathological changes with in the jaw bones in which normal bone is. Schistosomiasis affects the reproductive health of women. Described sequelae are ectopic pregnancy, infertility, abortion, and cervical lesions and symptoms mimicking cervical cancer and STIs.

There are indications that cervical schistosomiasis lesions could become co-factors for viral infection such as HIV and HPV. In a retrospective descriptive histopathological study clinical.

ABSTRACT. Purpose: The purpose of the article is to present 8 new cases of metastatic tumors occurring in the jawbones, their clinical features, diagnostic workup and management. Patients and methods: The records of 8 patients with metastatic jaw lesions were reviewd.

Demographic data, presenting symptoms, primary tumor site, radiographic findings, bone scintigraphy, histopathology and. Eliasson S, Isacsson G, Kondell PA. Lateral periodontal cysts. Clinical, radiographical and histopathological findings. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg Aug;18(4) Dubey KN, Garg S, Atri R.

Diagnosis and osseous healing of a lateral periodontal cyst mimicking a deep unusual interdental pocket in a young patient. In addition to FD, this histopathological group of lesions includes ossifying fibroma (OF), florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) and focal cemento-osseous dysplasia (FocCOD).

The late Charles Waldron wrote, “In absence of good clinical and radiologic information a pathologist can only state that a given biopsy is consistent with a FOL. Osseous window •Lesions within the jaw (i.e., central lesion) require the use of a cortical window.

•If expansion of a central lesion has eroded the cortical plate to the point that an osseous void is seen once the flap has been elevated, this .Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological data, clinical and histopathological picture with variants of the OTs diagnosed at our institute in the Vidarbha region.

Sister Mary Joseph’s nodule is a metastatic tumor deposit in the umbilicus and often represents advanced intra-abdominal malignancy with dismal prognosis [].The term “Sister Mary Joseph’s nodule” was coined by Sir Hamilton Bailey in his book, Physical Signs in Clinical Surgery, in honor of Sister Mary Joseph, Dr.

William Mayo’s surgical assistant in the early days of the Mayo Clinic.

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